Sunday, January 11, is National Human Trafficking Awareness Day. Voices will run at least a few posts on the topic. The first order of business is to define the issue. Future posts will refer back to this formal definition.
For simplicity sake, here are the three key components that together constitute trafficking:
The action of: recruitment, transfer, harboring
By means of: coercion, use of force, deception, fraud
For the purpose of: sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery and slavery-like conditions
Here’s the formal definition:
In 2000, an internationally agreed upon definition of trafficking was developed as part of the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and more specifically its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. In this Protocol, “Trafficking in persons (is defined as) the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation includes, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.”
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